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S. Sergeant (گروهبان سو
I have read about this, but want to know more about this concept. Where did this come from? Yes, I know that it was Imam Khomeini who was the first who wanted to practice (with many others) this. But this has been practiced under the Imams (a) rule also ?

But those who have criticized this, believe that the limits of the power of Wilayte Faghi is far too much..


There are many from the West and Muslims who say that this is almost the same rule as under the Shah. But this is impossible. Choosing President every 4 years, etc. But how much power is the spiritual leader?

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We are armed twice if we fight with faith - Plato
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Following are the explanations of Wilayat-e Faqih concept given by different islamic jurists.

According to the site of Ayatullah Muhammad Shirazi
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Question: Can you please enlighten us about Waley-ul-Faqih, and his authority?

Waley-ul-Faqih is the Just Islamic Ruler who meets ALL the criteria for being a Faqih and Marje' - i.e. a Mujtahid or an expert and a competent in Islamic law - and who also meets all the criteria for being a ruler or Waley, such as having the trust of the public and being elected by the Muslim masses.

If there was only one Faqih who met all the criteria of a Marje' and was overwhelmingly elected by the Muslims to lead the country, then he is the Waley-ul-Faqih. However, if there were several Fuqaha who meet all the criteria for being Marje', and there was no overwhelming endorsement for just one of them - which is usually the case - then the ruler of the country and its Waley-ul-Faqih in this case is the "Shura al-Fuqaha al-Maraje' " or the Council of the Maraje' Fuqaha. The members of this council are the qualified Fuqaha and Maraje' who are elected/followed by the public. This Council of Leadership isthe ruler of the Muslim Ummah and its Waley-ul-Faqih. On the other hand members of this council may elect one of the members as their leader and therefore the leader of the country, i.e. the Waley-ul-Faqih.

This of course is not mere theory but takes its root from the teachings of the Holy Qur'an and the Sunnah of Rasulollah (S) and Ahl-ul-Bayt . We have in the holy Qur'an:

{and who (conduct) their affairs by mutual Consultation}

The Holy Qur'an: Consultation (42): 38.

{and consult them in affairs (of moment).}

The Holy Qur'an: The Family of 'Emraan (3): 159.

In general these two noble ayahs emphasise that without Shura, the rule of government is not valid. And on the basis of these two ayahs, in the opinion of Ayatollah al-Udhma Imam Muhammad Shirazi Shura in rulership is Waajib.

Furthermore it can be seen from the conduct of Rasulollah (S) that in many cases his policies in managing the affairs of the country were based on Shura - consultation - even though he did not need to consult others, but this was in aid of encouraging the Muslims to adopt the policy of Shura - consultation in managing their affairs. There have been many cases where Rasulollah (S) consulted with others and took the view of the majority. In today's terminology this is a ‘democratic' system, although there are differences between today's democratic system of government and the consultative system of government that was implemented by Rasulollah in Medina more than 14 centuries ago.

Other hadith which emphasise on the collective / consultative system of leadership by fully qualified Fuqaha and Maraje' are in the form of orders to the Muslims from the Imam-of-our-time, Imam al-Mahdi - May Allah hasten his reappearance:

''Whoever amongst the Fuqaha who guards himself against evil, protects his religion, counters his base desires, and obeys the commands of his Lord, then the general public may follow him in taqleed.''

"And as for the new events and developments, refer them to the 'narrators of our hadith' - (scholars of hadith) for they are my Hujjah (authority) upon you, and I am the Hujjah of Allah upon them."

It is clearly obvious that in both of the above two hadith, Imam al-Mahdi  is instructing the Ummah to refer to ALL the fully qualified Fuqaha / Maraje', and since any Faqih who meets all the required criteria is regarded as the representative of Imam al-Mahdi , no one Faqih who may have reached any position or power may transgress upon the rights of any other fully qualified Faqih.

There have been many eminent scholars who stressed the importance of the collective role of leadership of the Fuqaha and Maraje' and went out of their way to warn of the dangers (of despotism) of individuals assuming leadership, and state in no uncertain terms that individual leadership of Fuqaha must be refrained from. Some of them are:

Ayatollah al-Udhma Sheikh Abdul-Karim al-Ha'eri, the founder of the Hawzah in the holy city of Qum . In his book "Foundation of the Islamic government".

Ayatollah al-Udhma Mirza al-Na'ini, one of the top scholars of the hawzah of the holy city of Najaf . In his book "Tanbih al-Ummah and Tanzih al-Millah".

Ayatollah al-Udhma Sayyid Hussain al-Boroujerdi, the top of the Maraje' of his time. In his book "al-Badr al-Zahir".

Ayatollah Murtadha Mutahhari

Ayatollah Hussain-Ali Muntazeri

Ayatollah Muhammad Baaqir al-Sadr

Ayatollah Redha al-Sadr

Ayatollah Nasser Makaarem-Shirazi

Ayatollah Yahya Noori

Ayatollah Muhammad Taqawi al-Naqawi.

etc.

TO SUM UP, the meaning of Wilayat-ul-Faqih is that those who assume the office of leading the country and the Ummah according to the laws of Islam are fully qualified Fuqaha / Maraje' who are the representatives of the Imam (al-Mahdi) . Wilayat-ul-Faqih does not mean that one has the right to deviate from the Islamic laws, and rule according to his own opinion. Also Wilayat-ul-Faqih does not mean that one sticks to his opinion and ignores, suppresses, and ousts other Fuqaha. For example if Imam Ali Amir-ul-Mu'minin  sends say three individuals to govern a country, it is incumbent upon them to consult between themselves and collectively lead the country on the basis of majority decision. So in an Islamic country of say one billion population, if there are one hundred Marje' al-Taqleed, then they are the highest authority of the nation, and they manage the affairs of the country in war, peace, and any other aspect of government on the basis of majority vote amongst them.

Q. who is the present Waley-e-Faqih and Waley-e-Amr of the Muslims?

As for your last question that who is the Waley-e-Faqih or Waley-e-Amr, officially we the Muslims do not have one, since at the present time the if we were to have a Waley-ul-Faqih or Waley-ul-Amr that would be the "Shura al-Fuqaha al-Maraje' " or the Leadership Council of the Maraje' Fuqaha.

http://imamshirazi.com/wilayat-ul-faqih.html


Ayatullah Ali Sistani
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Question: What is Grand Ayatollah Sistani's opinion about Wilayat-e Faqih (governance of jurist)?

Answer: Every jurisprudent (Faqih) has wilayah (guardianship) over non-litigious affairs. Non-litigious affairs are called "al-omour al-hesbiah". As for general affairs to which social order is linked, wilayah of a Faqih and enforcement of wilayah depend on certain conditions one of which is popularity of Faqih among majority of momeneen.

http://sistani.org/local.php?modules=nav&nid=5&cid=485&hl=Wilayat-e%20Faqih


Ayatullah Ali Khamenei
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Wilāyah of Faqīh

Q: Who is wali-e-faqīh? Is he the mujtahid followed by a person, or the ruling mujtahid? In general, what is meant by wilāyah of faqīh?
A: The 'absolute wilāyah' of the qualified faqīh means that the true religion of Islam, which is the final heavenly religion and will last till the Day of Resurrection, is a religion of governance and administration of social affairs. Therefore, it is necessary for the Islamic society, at all strata, to have a guardian for its affairs, a ruler, and a leader who would defend the Islamic society against the enemies of Islam and Muslims. He must preserve their social system, establish justice among them, prevent the strong from victimizing the weak, and attain for them the means of cultural, political, and social development and prosperity.

http://leader.ir/tree/index.php?catid=38


I must point out to you though that Velayat-e-Faqih is an Usooli Twelver concept alone and is rejected by Akhbari Twelvers (who state it as a Caliphate under disguise and some even state it as a cult of Shariati-ist hypocrisy) on a whole whereas Usooli scholars have mixed views on it. For example, Sayyid Al-Khoi rejected it's notion in the form presented by Ayatollah Khomeini.

Here is a more in-depth link on the subject-matter.
http://www.al-islam.org/islamicgovernment/
   
"My Lord, grant me success in struggling during failure, in having patience in disappointment, in going alone, in Jihad without weapons, in working without pay, in making sacrifice in silence, in having religious belief in the world, in having ideology without popular traditions, in having faith without pretensions, non-conformity without immaturity, beauty without physical appearance, loneliness in the crowd, and loving without the beloved knowing about it. My Lord, You teach me how to live; I shall learn how to die."
- Ali Shariati

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Freeloader (اش خور)
"Ey_Baba" it is "not similar" to the "Baha'i Universal House of Justice" which is headed by "All Male, 9 Individuals in Israel", which is collectively considered as "Infallible" and whose decisions are believed to be "inspired by God Himself".

Many Fundamentalist Christians / Jews (Anti-Baha'is) believe that the "Haifan Baha'i Universal House of justice" is similar to the WF of Iran. It is totally wrong. It is not similar.

WF is much better than the "Universal House of Justice"
1) It does not have the Counselors / ABMs (Who are implanted by the UHJ as monitors to keep a watch on the behavior of each and every member of the Baha'i community).
2) There is no Shunning.
3) There is no brainwashing. Just opposite to the Baha'i faith, where new converts are RUHI'ISED and Brainwashed.

I can tell you more. If you have interest please tell me.

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Lieutenant colonel (سرهنگ دوم)
for those how want to know more about and they can read in Persian
check below file.

later remind me to upload the Imam Khomeini book of "Velayat Fagheyh"
  
Last Edit: July 27, 2010, 03:42:08 PM by AminCo

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"Ey_Baba" it is "not similar" to the "Baha'i Universal House of Justice" which is headed by "All Male, 9 Individuals in Israel", which is collectively considered as "Infallible" and whose decisions are believed to be "inspired by God Himself".

Many Fundamentalist Christians / Jews (Anti-Baha'is) believe that the "Haifan Baha'i Universal House of justice" is similar to the WF of Iran. It is totally wrong. It is not similar.

WF is much better than the "Universal House of Justice"
1) It does not have the Counselors / ABMs (Who are implanted by the UHJ as monitors to keep a watch on the behavior of each and every member of the Baha'i community).
2) There is no Shunning.
3) There is no brainwashing. Just opposite to the Baha'i faith, where new converts are RUHI'ISED and Brainwashed.

I can tell you more. If you have interest please tell me.

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The journey & decision has been made.
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Lieutenant colonel (سرهنگ دوم)
Here it is, "Velayat Fagheyh" book from Imam Khomeini.
I did not read it tell this time.
I got it from another person through the Internet.
so not quit sure if it is complete or has some other problem.

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Freeloader (اش خور)
Wilayat al-Faqih is to unite and protect a group of people or a nation, if Islam is under serious threats from global enemies.  It is only applicable in Iran and no where else.  Without this concept, Islamic Iran will fall apart and enemies would have destroyed the revolution long time ago.  Even the Hezbollah group is relying on the Wilayat al-Faqih that has been established in Iran to face the threat from the Zionist group.

Wilayat al-Faqih is higher than the "Marja-iyyat" system.

If Islamic Revolution in Iran has not occurred (1979), wilayat al-faqih would not be needed, only the marja-iyyat system will continue.

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S. Sergeant (گروهبان سو
I heard a lot about Ayatollah Sistani's view regarding WF. Most said that he do NOT supports the concept that is  practice in today's Iran, etc. So I searched a bit, and foundt out that  Seestani views regarding this are not so different  of today's WF practices in Iran.

But he has a little different options regariding how to choose a wilayat :


Ayatollah Seestani's opinion is that the wilayat is for the just juristwho has been accepted as a "wali" by the majority of the believers in their general affairs.

The Assembly of Experts (consisting  86 Islamic scholars\mujtahid) choose the rahbar,
Something Sistani believes should be elected by the people.

But I wonder if there are other Marja in iran who share the same opinion like  Sistani?




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